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Adverse effects of alcohol consumption on dental health

Saturday, June 20   Posted in Cosmetic Dentistry  by admin  Tagged #Alcohol side effects, #Dental health and wine intake

alcohol effects

Dental caries has been considered as the biggest culprit for causing damage to your teeth. However, recent research has shown non-carious lesions to be highly prevalent on different surfaces of teeth especially in the cervical areas. Non-carious tooth surface loss occurs most frequently due to abrasion, attrition, erosion and stress corrosion known as abfraction. Abrasion refers to the overzealous use of tooth cleaning devices such as tooth brushes and tooth picks in addition to pipe smoking and occupational reasons. Attrition leads to tooth surface loss due to traumatic contact of upper and lower teeth. Mastication forces are responsible for stress inducing effect on the teeth leading to loosening of tooth enamel parts and micro fractures on tooth surfaces.

Tooth erosion is the most important of all these causes of tooth surface loss and it occurs due to harmful dietary habits and acidic beverage consumption especially in civilized persons of the society. Social gatherings, functions and weekend parties have become a popular tradition these days. People find it pleasing to take carbonated beverages with their lunch and dinner. Acidic drinks have become an essential element of office meetings and Christmas celebrations as well. Cola drinks, red and white wine, mixed drinks, cocktails, spirits and beer have adverse consequences on your teeth. Tooth erosion, discoloration and staining are common manifestation of alcohol consumption. The following article describes various bad effects of drinking alcohols and carbonated drinks on your teeth and oral tissues.

Think white wine is safer than red? We hate to break it to you, you still could be putting your teeth at risk with that nightly glass of chardonnay. “When you sip white wine over long periods of time, it doesn’t give your mouth a chance to rebalance its pH,” says Dr. Banker. “The acidity softens enamel, making your teeth more susceptible to eroding or picking up stains from other foods or drinks.”

Vodka cranberry. Rum and cola. Margaritas. Having your favorite cocktail might help you relax after a long day, but according Dr. Banker, ingesting these high-sugar drinks regularly can be terrible for your teeth.

“The more acidic your drink is — for example, whiskey with cola — the quicker it can damage your teeth,” he warns. “And if you’re sipping these drinks every weekend, you’re spending a significant amount of time with sugary, acidic liquid in your mouth.” Imagine sucking on hard candy for several hours a day — that’s how bad this is for your teeth.

Let’s just rip the Band-aid off: Red wine is rough on your teeth. “On top of being acidic, it also has chromogens — dark pigments,” explains Dr. Banker. “Plus, it contains tannins, an astringent from the peel of the grape that has a binding effect.” If you happen to love darker red wine, just be aware that the more pigmented it is, the more likely your teeth will get stained.

Skipping the mixers won’t help your cause: High alcohol drinks (think vodka, rum, and whiskey) are still rough on your enamel. Plus, they decrease saliva production, making it more difficult for your mouth to naturally wash away bacteria and acids. And besides being bad for your teeth, this can also lead to bad breath — something no one wants to deal with during a night out.

Beer lovers, we’ve got good news and bad news. The bad: Beer is acidic and can therefore be harmful when sipped over a long period of time, just like the rest of these picks. Plus, darker beers can stain your teeth. Here’s the good news: Of all the types of alcohol, Dr. Banker said a light, low-carb beer is probably your teeth’s best bet, as it has the highest water content and lowest acidity.

http://www.goodhousekeeping.com/health/articles/a32961/how-alcohol-affects-your-smile