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dental health

What are dental extractions ?

Sunday, May 24   Posted in General Dentistry  by admin  Tagged #Tooth extractions

dental extraction

Badly broken down and un-restorable teeth pose a threat to the surrounding healthy oral soft and hard tissues of your mouth. Hopeless teeth need to be removed from the oral cavity as soon as possible for the preservation of overall structure, function and aesthetics of the individual. Another common condition which warrants tooth extractions involve those teeth which do not have the ability to erupt normally in the oral cavity. Canines and third molars constitute the category of impacted teeth in the mouth and often require surgical interventions to perform their safe removal. Whether the extraction procedure is simple or complex, certain protocol should be followed for the prevention of trauma and adverse post operative consequences.

In order to perform smooth and free of trauma tooth extractions, the dental health care professional will take a complete medical and dental history of the patient followed by comprehensive clinical as well as radiographic examination. All these procedures will provide a guideline for the intended procedure. Following treatment planning, a local anesthetic agent will be instituted to ensure no pain or discomfort to the individual. The whole procedure will be carried out in a calm and comfortable environment using state of the art instruments and techniques. Specific post operative instructions will be provided to minimize the occurrence of complications.

Also called exodontia or tooth-pulling, dental extraction is the process of completely removing a tooth from its socket. Tooth extractions are performed as a last resort when a tooth is too badly damaged to be saved by other types of dental treatment. A simple extraction refers to the removal of a tooth that is visible in the mouth. Surgical extractions are performed on teeth that are buried beneath gum tissues, such as impacted wisdom teeth. In some cases, teeth are removed to resolve crowding issues.

Before a dental extraction, your dentist will record your medical history carefully. You may receive antibiotics if you have a heart murmur, weak immune system, or infection is likely. You’ll also have the opportunity to discuss anesthesia and sedation options such as local anesthetic injection, nitrous oxide, oral sedation, and general anesthesia.

For simple tooth extractions, you’ll receive an injection of local anesthetic in your jaw or gums. Once the area is numb, the dentist will grasp the tooth with extraction forceps and gently rock is back and forth to loosen it. Other tools may be used to help remove the tooth. You may feel pressure, but you should not feel any pain. A surgical extraction is more complicated, but you will probably be under general anesthesia and will not remember the process. After the procedure, you’ll be given a set of specific instructions concerning aftercare, diet and oral hygiene. To ensure a smooth recovery, follow all instructions carefully.