Understanding Periodontal Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Risk

July 24, 2023

Gum disease, sometimes referred to as periodontal disease, is a frequent oral health issue that affects the teeth's roots and supporting tissues. Despite its widespread occurrence, individuals are unaware of how dangerous this issue is and the possible effects it may have on oral health. To increase awareness of the periodontal disease and encourage readers to take preventative action to protect their oral health, Periodontists in Chandler, AZ, shall examine its causes, signs, and risk factors.

What is Periodontal Disease?

An inflammatory illness called periodontal disease primarily affects the gums that surround teeth. It starts with the buildup of plaque, a bacterial film that sticks to the teeth and gum line. Plaque can become tartar if it is not removed by routine brushing and flossing, which can irritate and inflame the gums. As the condition worsens, it may harm the ligaments, bones, and gums that support the teeth, possibly resulting in tooth loss.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Poor Oral Hygiene: Poor Oral Hygiene can cause plaque and tartar to accumulate on teeth and gum lines by not brushing, flossing, and visiting the dentist regularly. When plaque is not properly cleared, it irritates the gums, causing irritation and gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease.

Smoking and Tobacco Use: Tobacco products and smoking are risk factors for periodontal disease. The immune system's capacity to fight infection is weakened by these practices, which also reduce blood flow to the gums and impede the healing process.

Genetics: A person's susceptibility to periodontal disease may be influenced by genetic factors. Even with strong oral hygiene practices, some people may be more genetically susceptible to gum disease.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease frequently begins with subtle signs that are simple to ignore. But as it goes on, the indications are increasingly obvious. The following are typical signs of periodontal disease:

- Inflamed, red, or painful gums

- Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting

- Bleeding gums, especially when brushing or flossing

- Constant bad breath

- Receding gums, making teeth appear longer

- Loose or shifting teeth

- Pus between the teeth and gums

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

Although periodontal disease can affect anyone, several things make it more likely to do so. These risk elements consist of-

- Poor oral hygiene practices.

- Smoking or consuming tobacco.

- Gum disease genetics and family history

- Specific medical diseases, such as autoimmune illnesses or diabetes

- Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during menopause or pregnancy

- Ineffective stress management, which can compromise the immune system

- Undernourishment and a high-carbohydrate and sugar-rich diet

A Healthy Smile Is A Reflection Of A Healthy Body

If left untreated, periodontal disease can be dangerous and negatively affect oral health. To take proactive measures to prevent the beginning of periodontal disease or seek timely treatment, it is essential to understand its causes, symptoms, and risk factors. Your oral health may be protected and periodontal disease can be stopped by maintaining proper oral hygiene, seeing your dentist at Anantuni Family Dental in Chandler, AZ, and living a healthy lifestyle.

Contact Us

Anantuni Family Dental
5590 W. Chandler Blvd. #1 Chandler, AZ 85226
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